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Ancient Mathematics References


References for Modern Black Mathematicians

N. Agwu and A. Nkwanta, Dr. J. Ernest Wilkins, Jr.: The Man and His Works, African Americans in Mathematicians, DIMACS 34 (1996) American Mathematics Society, 196-205.

O. Akinyele, Adegoke Olubummo (1923-92) the man, the teacher, the mathematician, Journal of the Nigerian Mathematical Society 11 (1992), i-ii.

James Egert Allen, Black History, Past and Present, Exposition Press Inc., Jericho, New York 1971.

American University Alumni Magazine, Winter 1994 15-19.

Silvio A. Bedini, The Life of Benjamin Banneker, Scribner, New York, 1972, 434 p.

Lerone Bennett, Jr., Before the Mayflower: A History of the Negro in America, 1919-1962, Johnson Publ. Co., Chicago 1962.

Black Contributers to Science and Energy Technology. U.S. Department of Energy (Washington, D.C.: Office of Public Affairs), 1979.

Catherine Carswell, BU math professor's life filled with firsts, Times-Herald [Waco], February 26, 1986; reprinted, AWM Newsletter, July/Aug
1986, pp.8-9.

Hattie Carwell. Blacks in Science: Astrophysicist to Zoologist. (Hicksville, N.Y.: Exposition Press), 1977.

J. McKeen Cattell, Science 39, (no. 996), 154 (1914)

Virgil A. Clift and Augustus Low, editors, Encyclopedia of Black America, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY 1981.

M. P. Closs, Native American Mathematics, University of Texas Press, 1986.

Data Committee of the American Mathematical Society - Mathematical Association of America. Annual AMS-MAA Survey, (October 1974 - November 1993). Notices of the American Mathematical Society. Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society.

Dilip Data, Math Education at its Best: The Pottsdam Model, Center For Teaching/Learning of Mathematics (1993).

James C. Davenport, The National Society of Black Physicist: Refelections on its Beginning, The African American Presence in Physics, Ronald E. Mickens, editor - Atlanta, Georgia 1999, 6-12.

Morris H. DeGroot, A conversation with David Blackwell, Statistical Science 1 (1986), no. 1, 40--53.

Nathaniel Dean, editor. African Americans in Mathematics, DIMACS 34 (1996) American Mathematical Society.

Nathaniel Dean, Cassandra McZeal, Pamela Williams, Editors. African Americans in Mathematics II, Contemporary Math. 252 (1999) American Mathematical Society

Dictionary of International Biography. 25th edition

James A. Donaldson, Black Americans in Mathematics , in A Century of Mathematics in America, Part III, HISTORY OF MATHEMATICS, Volume 3, American Mathematical Society, Providence, 1989, 449-469.

James A. Donaldson, Book Review of African Americans in Mathematics , Nathan Dean, editor, Notices of the American Mathematical Society

James A. Donalson and Richard J. Fleming, Elbert F. Cox: An early pioneer, American Mathematical Monthly 107 (2000), 105-128.

G.O.S. Ekhaguere and H.O. Tejumola, Mathematics, in Science Today in Nigeria, Awele Maduemezia, S.N.C. Okonkwo, Ephraim E. Okon ed., Nigerian Academy of Sciences, 1995.

Gloria Emeagwali (ed) Science and Technology in African History, Edwin Mellen, NY, 1992

The Faces of African Americans in Science web site - old

Etta Z. Falconner, The Challenge of Diversity, DIMACS 34 (1996) American Mathematics Society, 169-182.

Robert Fikes, Jr., Careers of African Americans in Academic Astronomy, Journal of Blacks in Higher Education (Autumn 2000) (this the published version of "From Banneker to Best..."

Robert Fikes, Jr. From Banneker to Best: Some Stellar Careers In Astronomy and Astrophysics,: (download pdf version)

William T. Fletcher, Marjorie Lee Browne - A Biography", Encyclopedia of African American Culture and History, Columbia University, New York, New York, 1994.

William T. Fletcher, Marjorie Lee Browne - An American Mathematician, Twenty-Century Scientists, Gale Research, Inc., Detroit, MI, 1994.

Geneological Website for Mathematicians:

Paulus Gerdes & Ahmed Djebbar, Mathematics in African History and Culture: An Annotated Bibliography, African Mathematical Union, Cape Town, 2004.

Gloria Gilmer ( - interview about Luna Mishoe, Socrates Suanders, and Clarence Stephens 05.15.99.

Evelyn Boyd Granville, My Life as a Mathematician, SAGE Magazine , 6#2, (1989).

Harry W. Greene, Holders of Doctorates Among American Negroes - (1876-1943), Croften; Newton, MA (1974).

L. S. Grinstein and P. J. Campbell, Women of Mathematics, Greenwood Press, 1987.

Gwarzo, Hassan Ibrahim, The theory of chronograms as expounded by the 18th century Katsina astronomer-mathematician Muhammad B. Muhammad, in: Research Bulletin of the Center of Arabic Documentation, University of Ibadan, Ibadan (Nigeria), 3, No.2 (1967), 116-123

John Fauvel and Paulus Gerdes, African Slave and Calculating Prodigy: Bicentenary of the Death of Thomas Fuller, Historia Mathematica 17 (1990), 141-151.

Paulus Gerdes, On Mathematics in the History of Sub-Saharan Africa, in: Historia Mathematica, New York (USA), 21 (1994), 345-376.

James Guthrie, Even the Rat was White, Allyn & Bacon, 1976.

Edited by T. S. Ferguson, L. S. Shapley and J. B. MacQueen. Statistics, probability and game theory. Papers in honor of David Blackwell , Preface [biography of David Blackwell ] (v--xiv) Institute of Mathematical Statistics Lecture Notes---Monograph Series, 30. Institute of Mathematical Statistics, Hayward, CA, 1996. ISBN: 0-940600-42-0 60-06

Giles-Giron, Jacqueline, Black Pioneers in Mathematics: Browne, Granville, Cox, Claytor, and Blackwell, American Mathematical Society Focus, January-February 1991, 18.

Harry Washington Greene. Holders of Doctorates Among American Negroes: An Educational and Social Study of Negroes Who Have Earned Doctoral Degrees in Course, 1876-1943 (Boston, MA: Meador Publishing Co.), 1946.

Hay Award for Contributions to Mathematics Education, Notices of the AMS, May 1995, 563-564.

Tim Hector A web article about his classmate Percival Perry (See

Donald M. Hill, History of the origins of the National Association of Mathematician's Presentations by Recipients of Recent Ph.D.'s, DIMACS 34 (1996) American Mathematics Society, 183-186.

Susan T. Hill, Blacks in Undergraduate Science and Engineering Education, National Science Foundation. Washington, DC. 1992

Susan T. Hill, Undergraduate Origins of Recent Science and Engineering Doctorate Recipients, National Science Foundation. Washington, DC. 1992

James K. K. Ho. Black Engineers in the United States. Washington, D.C.: Howard University Press 1974.

Johnny L. Houston, Reuben Roosevelt McDaniel (1908-1974), NAM Newsletter 30 no.1 (1999), 12.

Johnny L. Houston, Thirty Significant Dates in NAM's First Thirty Years, NAM Newsletter 30 no.2 (1999), 12.

Johnny L. Houston, Marion Keepler (1944-1999), NAM Newsletter 30 no.3 (1999), 12.

Johnny L. Houston, Eleanor Green Dawley Jones (1930-1987), NAM Newsletter 31 no.4 (2000).

Johnny L. Houston, Euphremia Lofton Haynes (1890-1980, NAM Newsletter 32 no.4 (2001).

Johnny L. Houston, Dudley Weldon Woodard (1881-1965), NAM Newsletter 32 no.4 (2001).

Houtondji, African Philosophy, myth and reality, Indiana University Press, 2nd edition 1996.

Timothy L. Jenkins and Khafra K Om-Ra-Seti, Black Futurists In The Information Age, KMT Publications, ISBN 0963564560 (1997). (purchase here)

Ahmad Kani, Arithmetic in the pre-colonial Central Sudan, in Science and technology in African history with case studies from Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Zimbabwe, and Zambia (pp. 33-39), Gloria Emeagwali (ed), Lewiston: Edwin Mellen, NY, 1992

Ahmad Kani, African Mathematics: Pre-colonial Northern Nigeria: .

Patricia C. Kenshaft (1980), Marjorie Lee Browne: In Memoriam, Association for Women in Mathematics Newsletter 10(5) (September-October 1980), 8-11.

Patricia C. Kenschaft (1981), Black Women in Mathematics in the United States, American Mathematical Monthly, October, 1981, 592-604)

Patricia C. Kenshaft (1987), Black Men and Women in Mathematical Research, Journal of Black Studies, December, 1987, 19:2, 170-190).

Patricia Kenschaft (1993) from Black Women in America: A Historical Encyclopedia, Darlene Clark Hine (editor), Carlson Publishing, Inc. 1993.

Patricia Kenschaft, Black Men and Women in Mathematics, Pre-print.

Patricia Kenschaft communication from David Blackwell

Gary D. Krentz, Physics at Michigan: from Classical Physics to Nuclear Research: 1888 - 1938, LSA Magazine (University of Michigan) 12 (Fall 1988), 10-16.

Aderemi O. Kuku, AMU Presidential Address at the Fourth Pan African Congress of Mathematicians, African Mathematical Union, Wemilore Press, Ibadan.

E. H. Lehman, The Creation and Early History of the Berkeley Statistics Departments, Statistics, probability and game theory. Papers in honor of David Blackwell, Institute of Mathematical Statistics Lecture Notes---Monograph Series (1996) 30, 139-146. ISBN: 0-940600-42-0 60-06

Lumpkin, Beatrice. From Egypt to Benjamin Banneker: African origins of false position solutions. Vita mathematica (Toronto, ON, 1992; Quebec City, PQ, 1992),
279--289, MAA Notes, 40, Math. Assoc. America, Washington, DC, 1996. SC: 01A05 (01A13), MR: 1 391 748.

Kenneth R. Manning, Can history Predict the Future?, The African American Presence in Physics, Ronald E. Mickens, editor - Atlanta, Georgia 1999, 2-5.

Kathleen Kennedy Manzo, Success in The Numbers: African American Women Excel in Math, Black Issues in Higher Education, 11 (May 19, 1994), 40-

Mathematical Reviews = electronically MathSciNet Author ID, American Mathematical Society

Vivienne Mayes , Amer. Math. Monthly, November 1976, pp. 708-711

McClure, Judy. Theoreticians and Builders: Mathematicians, Physical Scientists, Inventors. c. 2000 by Raintree Steck-Vaughn

Ronald E. Mickens, editor, The African American Presence in Physics, Atlanta, Georgia 1999

Ronald E. Mickens, Bouchet and Imes: First Black Physicists, The African American Presence in Physics, Ronald E. Mickens, editor - Atlanta, Georgia 1999, 20-28.

Carroll Miller, Role Model Blacks: Known but little known role models of successful Blacks, Accelerated Development, 1982. ISBN 0-915202-30-1.

Ayanna Mishoe - private communications about her grandfather Luna [09.23.00, 09.26.00]. [08.26.01]

National Center for Education Statistics, Office of Educational Research and Improvement, Who Majors in Science? College Graduates in Science, Engineering, or Mathematics from the High School Class of 1980 . U.S. Department of Education. (1990). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

National Science Foundation. Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering, Washington, DC. (1993)

V. K. Newell, J. H. Gipson, L. W. Rich, and B. Stubblefield, Black Mathematicians and their Works, Dorrance & Company, 1980.

Notable Black Americans (1999)

Karen H. Parshall and David F. Rowe, American Mathematics comes of age 1875-1900, in A Century of Mathematics in America, Part III, HISTORY OF MATHEMATICS, Volume 3, American Mathematical Society, Providence, 1989, 3-28.

Willie Pearson, Jr., Black Scientists, White Society, and Colorless Science: A Study of Universalism in American Science, Associated Faculty Press, Millwood NY (1985).

Physics Today, April 1973, 69-70.

Benjamin Quarles, Black Mosaic - Essays in Afro-American History and Historiography, University of Massachusetts Press 1988.

Vivian O. Sammons. Blacks in Science and Education. (Washington, D.C.: Hemisphere Publishers), 1989.

Ivan Van. Sertima, Blacks in Science, Transactions Books, 1983.

Armond Spencer, On Attracting and Retaining Mathematics Majors, Notices of the AMS (?)

The Negro in Science, Julius Taylor, editor. Morgan State College Press, 1955.

Washington Post March 9, 1982 interview with Robert A. Thornton.

Scott W. Williams, Black Research Mathematicians, African Americans in Mathematics II, Contemporary Math. 252 (1999) AMS, 165-168.

Scott W. Williams, Personal Communications with many mathematicians, their families and/or colleagues.

Zentralblatt Author ID

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