SOURCES AND REFERENCES

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MODERN MATHEMATICIANS

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Ancient Mathematics References

References for Modern Black Mathematicians

N. Agwu and A. Nkwanta*, *__Dr.
J. Ernest Wilkins, Jr.: The Man and His Works, African Americans
in Mathematicians__, **DIMACS** **34** (1996) American
Mathematics Society, 196-205.

O. Akinyele, __Adegoke
Olubummo (1923-92) the man, the teacher, the mathematician__,
**Journal of the Nigerian Mathematical Society** **11**
(1992), i-ii.

James Egert Allen, **Black
History, Past and Present***,* Exposition Press Inc., Jericho,
New York 1971.

American University Alumni Magazine, Winter 1994 15-19.

Silvio A. Bedini, **The Life
of Benjamin Banneker**, Scribner, New York, 1972, 434 p.

Lerone Bennett, Jr., **Before
the Mayflower: A History of the Negro in America**, 1919-1962,
Johnson Publ. Co., Chicago 1962.

**Black Contributers to Science and
Energy Technology**. U.S. Department of Energy (Washington,
D.C.: Office of Public Affairs), 1979.

Catherine Carswell, **BU math professor's
life filled with firsts**, Times-Herald [Waco], February 26,
1986; reprinted, AWM Newsletter, July/Aug

1986, pp.8-9.

Hattie Carwell. **Blacks in
Science: Astrophysicist to Zoologist**. (Hicksville, N.Y.: Exposition
Press), 1977.

J. McKeen Cattell, **Science
39**, (no. 996), 154 (1914)

Virgil A. Clift and Augustus Low,
editors, **Encyclopedia of Black America**, McGraw-Hill, New
York, NY 1981.

M. P. Closs, **Native American Mathematics***,* University
of Texas Press, 1986.

Data Committee of the American Mathematical
Society - Mathematical Association of America. __Annual AMS-MAA
Survey__, (October 1974 - November 1993). **Notices of the
American Mathematical Society**. Providence, RI: American Mathematical
Society.

Dilip Data, __Math Education at its
Best: The Pottsdam Model__, Center For Teaching/Learning of
Mathematics (1993).

James C. Davenport, __The
National Society of Black Physicist: Refelections on its Beginning__,
The African American Presence in Physics, Ronald
E. Mickens, editor - Atlanta, Georgia 1999, 6-12.

Morris H. DeGroot, __A conversation
with David Blackwell__, Statistical Science **1** (1986),
no. 1, 40--53.

Nathaniel Dean, editor. __African
Americans in Mathematics__, DIMACS **34** (1996) American
Mathematical Society.

Nathaniel Dean, Cassandra McZeal,
Pamela Williams, Editors. __African Americans in Mathematics
II__, Contemporary Math. **252** (1999) American Mathematical
Society

Dictionary of International Biography. 25th edition

James A. Donaldson,
*Black Americans in Mathematics *, in A Century of Mathematics
in America, Part III, HISTORY OF MATHEMATICS, Volume **3**,
American Mathematical Society, Providence, 1989, 449-469.

James A. Donaldson, Book
Review of ** African Americans in Mathematics
**, Nathan Dean, editor, Notices of the American Mathematical
Society

James A. Donalson and
Richard J. Fleming, __Elbert F. Cox: An early pioneer__, American
Mathematical Monthly **107** (2000), 105-128.

G.O.S. Ekhaguere and H.O. Tejumola,
__Mathematics__, in Science Today in Nigeria, Awele Maduemezia,
S.N.C. Okonkwo, Ephraim E. Okon ed., Nigerian Academy of Sciences,
1995.

Gloria Emeagwali (ed) Science and Technology in African History, Edwin Mellen, NY, 1992

**The
Faces of African Americans in Science web site - old**

Etta Z. Falconner, __The
Challenge of Diversity__, DIMACS **34** (1996) American Mathematics
Society, 169-182.

Robert Fikes, Jr., __Careers
of African Americans in Academic Astronomy__, Journal of Blacks
in Higher Education (Autumn 2000) (this the published version
of "From Banneker to Best..."

Robert Fikes, Jr. __From
Banneker to Best: Some Stellar Careers In Astronomy and Astrophysics__,:
**(download pdf
version)**

William T. Fletcher, __Marjorie
Lee Browne - A Biography__", Encyclopedia of African American
Culture and History, Columbia University, New York, New York,
1994.

William T. Fletcher, __Marjorie
Lee Browne - An American Mathematician__, Twenty-Century Scientists,
Gale Research, Inc., Detroit, MI, 1994.

Geneological Website for Mathematicians: **http://www.genealogy.ams.org/**.

Paulus Gerdes & Ahmed
Djebbar, __Mathematics in African History and Culture: An Annotated
Bibliography__, African Mathematical Union, Cape Town, 2004.

Gloria Gilmer (ggilme@aol.com) - interview about Luna Mishoe, Socrates Suanders, and Clarence Stephens 05.15.99.

Evelyn Boyd Granville, __My Life
as a Mathematician__, *SAGE Magazine *, **6**#2, (1989).

Harry W. Greene, __Holders
of Doctorates Among American Negroes__ - (1876-1943), Croften;
Newton, MA (1974).

L. S. Grinstein and P.
J. Campbell, __Women of Mathematics__*,* Greenwood Press,
1987.

Gwarzo, Hassan Ibrahim, *T*__he
theory of chronograms as expounded by the 18th century Katsina
astronomer-mathematician Muhammad B. Muhammad__, in: Research
Bulletin of the Center of Arabic Documentation, University of
Ibadan, Ibadan (Nigeria), **3**, No.2 (1967), 116-123

John Fauvel and Paulus Gerdes,
__African Slave and Calculating Prodigy: Bicentenary of the Death
of Thomas Fuller__, Historia Mathematica **17** (1990), 141-151.

Paulus Gerdes, __On Mathematics
in the History of Sub-Saharan Africa__, in: Historia Mathematica,
New York (USA), **21** (1994), 345-376.

James Guthrie, __Even the Rat was
White__*,* Allyn & Bacon, 1976.

Edited by T. S. Ferguson,
L. S. Shapley and J. B. MacQueen. __Statistics, probability and
game theory. Papers in honor of David Blackwell__** **,
Preface [

Giles-Giron, Jacqueline, __Black
Pioneers in Mathematics: Browne, Granville, Cox, Claytor, and
Blackwell__, American Mathematical Society Focus, January-February
1991, 18.

Harry Washington Greene.
__Holders of Doctorates Among American Negroes__: An Educational
and Social Study of Negroes Who Have Earned Doctoral Degrees in
Course, 1876-1943 (Boston, MA: Meador Publishing Co.), 1946.

__Hay Award for Contributions to Mathematics
Education__, Notices of the AMS, May 1995, 563-564.

Tim Hector A web
article about his classmate Percival Perry (See **http://www.candw.ag/%7Ejardinea/ffhtm/ff000121.htm**)

Donald M. Hill, __History of
the origins of the National Association of Mathematician's Presentations
by Recipients of Recent Ph.D.'s__, DIMACS **34** (1996) American
Mathematics Society, 183-186.

Susan T. Hill, __Blacks in Undergraduate Science and Engineering
Education__,__ __National Science Foundation. Washington,
DC. 1992

Susan T. Hill, __Undergraduate Origins of Recent Science and
Engineering Doctorate Recipients__, National Science Foundation.
Washington, DC. 1992

James K. K. Ho. __Black Engineers
in the United States__. Washington, D.C.: Howard University
Press 1974.

Johnny
L. Houston, __Reuben Roosevelt McDaniel (1908-1974)__,
NAM Newsletter **30** no.1 (1999), 12.

Johnny
L. Houston, __Thirty Significant Dates in NAM's First Thirty
Years__, NAM Newsletter **30** no.2 (1999), 12.

Johnny
L. Houston, __Marion Keepler (1944-1999)__, NAM Newsletter
**30** no.3 (1999), 12.

Johnny
L. Houston, __Eleanor Green Dawley Jones (1930-1987)__,
NAM Newsletter **31** no.4 (2000).

Johnny
L. Houston, __Euphremia Lofton Haynes (1890-1980__, NAM
Newsletter **32** no.4 (2001).

Johnny
L. Houston, __Dudley Weldon Woodard (1881-1965)__, NAM
Newsletter **32** no.4 (2001).

Houtondji, __African Philosophy, myth
and reality__, Indiana University Press, 2nd edition 1996.

Timothy L. Jenkins and Khafra
K Om-Ra-Seti, **Black Futurists In The Information Age**, KMT
Publications, ISBN 0963564560 (1997). (purchase **here**)

Ahmad Kani, __Arithmetic in the pre-colonial
Central Sudan__, in **Science and technology in African history**
with case studies from Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Zimbabwe, and Zambia
(pp. 33-39), Gloria Emeagwali (ed), Lewiston: Edwin Mellen, NY,
1992

Ahmad Kani, __African Mathematics: Pre-colonial Northern Nigeria__:**
http://www.africahistory.net/kani.htm**
.

Patricia
C. Kenshaft (1980), __Marjorie Lee Browne: In Memoriam__,
Association for Women in Mathematics Newsletter **10**(5) (September-October
1980), 8-11.

Patricia
C. Kenschaft (1981), __Black Women in Mathematics in the
United States__, American Mathematical Monthly, October, 1981,
592-604)

Patricia
C. Kenshaft (1987), __Black Men and Women in Mathematical
Research__, Journal of Black Studies, December, 1987, 19:2,
170-190).

Patricia
Kenschaft (1993) from __Black Women in America: A Historical
Encyclopedia__, Darlene Clark Hine (editor), Carlson Publishing,
Inc. 1993.

Patricia
Kenschaft, __Black Men and Women in Mathematics__, Pre-print.

Patricia Kenschaft communication from David Blackwell

Gary D. Krentz, __Physics
at Michigan: from Classical Physics to Nuclear Research__: 1888
- 1938, LSA Magazine (University of Michigan) **12** (Fall
1988), 10-16.

Aderemi
O. Kuku, __AMU Presidential Address at the Fourth Pan African
Congress of Mathematicians__, African Mathematical Union, Wemilore
Press, Ibadan.

E. H. Lehman, __The Creation
and Early History of the Berkeley Statistics Departments__,
Statistics, probability and game theory. Papers in honor of David
Blackwell, Institute of Mathematical Statistics Lecture Notes---Monograph
Series (1996) **30**, 139-146. ISBN: 0-940600-42-0 60-06

Lumpkin, Beatrice. From Egypt
to Benjamin Banneker: African origins of false position solutions.
Vita mathematica (Toronto, ON, 1992; Quebec City, PQ, 1992),

279--289, MAA Notes, 40, Math. Assoc. America, Washington, DC,
1996. SC: 01A05 (01A13), MR: 1 391 748.

Kenneth R. Manning, Can history Predict the Future?, The African American Presence in Physics, Ronald E. Mickens, editor - Atlanta, Georgia 1999, 2-5.

Kathleen Kennedy Manzo, __Success in
The Numbers__: African American Women Excel in Math, **Black
Issues in Higher Education**, **11** (May 19, 1994), 40-

Mathematical Reviews = electronically MathSciNet Author ID, American Mathematical Society

Vivienne Mayes , Amer. Math. Monthly, November 1976, pp. 708-711

McClure, Judy. Theoreticians and Builders: Mathematicians, Physical Scientists, Inventors. c. 2000 by Raintree Steck-Vaughn

Ronald
E. Mickens, editor, __The African American Presence in Physics__,
Atlanta, Georgia 1999

Ronald E. Mickens, Bouchet and Imes: First Black Physicists, The African American Presence in Physics, Ronald E. Mickens, editor - Atlanta, Georgia 1999, 20-28.

Carroll Miller, __Role Model
Blacks: Known but little known role models of successful Blacks__,
Accelerated Development, 1982. ISBN 0-915202-30-1.

Ayanna Mishoe - private communications about her grandfather Luna [09.23.00, 09.26.00 mishoeay@shu.edu]. [08.26.01 akmishoe@yahoo.com]

National Center for Education
Statistics, Office of Educational Research and Improvement, *Who
Majors in Science? College Graduates in Science, Engineering,
or Mathematics from the High School Class of 1980 *. U.S. Department
of Education. (1990). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing
Office.

National Science Foundation.
*Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering*, Washington,
DC. (1993)

V. K. Newell, J. H. Gipson, L. W.
Rich, and B. Stubblefield, __Black Mathematicians and their Works__*,*
Dorrance & Company, 1980.

Notable Black Americans (1999)

Karen H. Parshall and David
F. Rowe, __American Mathematics comes of age 1875-1900__, in
A Century of Mathematics in America, Part III, HISTORY OF MATHEMATICS,
Volume **3**, American Mathematical Society, Providence, 1989,
3-28.

Willie Pearson, Jr.,
__Black Scientists, White Society, and Colorless Science: A Study
of Universalism in American Science__, Associated Faculty Press,
Millwood NY (1985).

Physics Today, April 1973, 69-70.

Benjamin Quarles, __Black Mosaic__
- Essays in Afro-American History and Historiography, University
of Massachusetts Press 1988.

Vivian O. Sammons. __Blacks
in Science and Education__. (Washington, D.C.: Hemisphere Publishers),
1989.

Ivan Van. Sertima, __Blacks
in Science__*,* Transactions Books, 1983.

Armond Spencer, On Attracting and Retaining Mathematics Majors, Notices of the AMS (?)

__The Negro in Science__, Julius
Taylor, editor. Morgan State College Press, 1955.

__Washington Post__ March 9, 1982
interview with Robert A. Thornton.

Scott W. Williams, __Black Research Mathematicians__, __African Americans in Mathematics II__,
Contemporary Math. **252** (1999) AMS, 165-168.

Scott W. Williams, Personal Communications with many mathematicians, their families and/or colleagues.

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