Probability
CDA531 - Fall 2021

Instructor: Adam S. Sikora (Math Dept.)
Class meets: TuTh 12:45-2:00pm in Norton 112. Your attendance is expected.
My office hours: TBA.
Class announcements will be sent to you via email or UBLearns . Please check your UB email daily.

Text: Fundamentals of Probability, with Stochastic Processes, by Saeed Ghahramani. 4th, 3rd, or 2nd edition. (However, there are many books covering similar material, eg. very compact Schaum's Outlines of Probability and Statistics.)
Prerequisites: Calculus I.
Tentative topics: axioms of probability, conditional probability, Bayes' Theorem, independence, random variables (continuous and discrete), distribution functions, expectation, variance, covariance, correlation, special distributions, Central Limit theorems.

Preliminary Test Schedule: 1st week of October, 1st week of November, December 10th.
IDs will be checked. You are expected to take each test as scheduled, unless you have a documented medical or other documented valid reason. Contact me before taking an exam if you are seriously ill.

Quizzes: There will be quizes in class, posted at UBLearns, on most class days at 1:50pm for 10min +5min extra. Therefore, it it is recommended that you bring a laptop or a tablet to class. However, although less convenient, it is also possible to access UBLearns on a smartphone. No makeups will be given, but the lowest mark will be dropped without penalty. The first quiz is posted for practice already and available until Thursday noon. You can take it many times. Please practice logging into UBLearns, navigating to it and taking it, so that you are ready for the future quizzes.

Homework: Online at Gradescope and, starting Sept 10 also (and mostly) on: Webwork No late homework will be accepted.

Campus Wire (similar to piazza): campuswire.com . It has an app for Android and iOS. I strongly enourage you to set up an account. All non-personal questions related to this course should be asked on campuswire. Posting HW solutions before they are due is not allowed.
For personal matters, contact me by Email: adam.s.sikora at gmail. Always specify "CDA531" or "Probability" in your email.

Final grade will be based on

The total: 90% (total) guarantees A, 88% guarantees A-, 80% guarantees B, 70% guarantees C, 60% guarantees D. (B+,B-,C+,C- will also be utilized.)
The final grades may be curved. However, there will be no extra credit.
If your score is below 55% you may fail the course.

Given the special circumstances of Covid pandemic, this syllabus may be subject to change.

Academic integrity is a fundamental university value. Students caught cheating on exams, quizzes or HW will be penalized.

Incomplete: Incompletes will only be given for reasons beyond your control, serious illness. You must be passing the course to get an incomplete. University policy is that if you receive an 'I' grade (incomplete), then you are also assigned a default grade, which is the grade you have already earned averaged with a 0 on the remaining work. It is easy to see that even a good student will normally receive an 'F' as the default grade. This appears on your transcript, as 'I/F', until you make up the incomplete or 15 months elapse, when you would receive the default grade (you would receive the F in this example).
Students who received an incomplete in a previous class should not register for this class, but must file a petition form with the Math Department.