CAARMS2 1996

June 26-28, 1996 at Rutgers University (DIMACS) and Bell Labs

CAARMS main page

CAARMS, the Council


2006 CAARMS12

2005 CAARMS11

2004 CAARMS10

2003 CAARMS9

2002 CAARMS8

2001 CAARMS7

2000 CAARMS6

1999 CAARMS5

1998 CAARMS4

1997 CAARMS3

1996 CAARMS2

1995 CAARMS1


Rutgers and Bell Labs Official CAARMS2 1996 web page

CAARMS2 1996 (below)

The Council and other conferences for African American Researchers in the Mathematical Sciences:


The Conference



Preface to the book

Invited Speakers

I. Invited Research Talks

II. Poster Presentations

III. Historical Articles

Group Photo

Official CAARMS 96 Web Page

The Organizers for this Workshop

Nathaniel Dean, AT&T Research email:

William A. Massey, Bell Laboratories email:



The main goal of this conference is to highlight current work by African-American researchers and students in mathematics. This conference will strengthen the mathematical sciences by encouraging the increased participation of African-Americans and underrepresented groups, facilitating working relationships between them and helping to cultivate their careers. Conference activities include research talks from several mathematical disciplines, poster presentations by graduate students, and several group discussions focusing on critical issues surrounding minority participation in mathematics. Participants will be introduced to some of the major science and technology centers in New Jersey, such as the DIMACS Center (the Center for Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science) at Rutgers University in Piscataway and the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton.


Preface (to the book)

African Americans in Mathematics by Nathan Dean, developed from the conference:
The Second Conference for African-American Researchers in the Mathematical Sciences was held for three days at the Center for Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science (DIMACS) at Rutgers University in Piscataway, New Jersey, June 26-28, 1996. It was organized by Nathaniel Dean and William A. Massey, both of Bell Laboratories, the research division of Lucent Technologies. The main goal of the conference was to highlight current research by African-American researchers and graduate students in mathematics, to strengthen the mathematical sciences by encouraging the increased participation of African-American and underrepresented groups, to facilitate working relationships between them, and to help cultivate their careers.

We had over 100 researchers and graduate students in attendance who were exposed to a variety of technical and cultural events. Participants were introduced to some of the major research centers in New Jersey: DIMACS at Rutgers University in Piscataway, the Institute for Advanced Study (IAS) in Princeton, as well as Bell Laboratories and AT&T Labs who were both located in Murray Hill. Visiting all these research institutions was a first for most of the participants. There were twelve one-hour invited technical talks given by researchers spanning a variety of mathematical and scientific disciplines. At IAS we held group discussions, led by Fern Hunt (NIST) and Camille McKayle (Lafayette College) that focused on issues surrounding minority participation in mathematics, such as: The Career Life Cycle of an African-American Mathematician; Jobs of the Present, Jobs of the Future; The Public Image of Mathematics and Mathematicians in the African-American Community; and Affirmative Action. At Murray Hill, a select group of 17 graduate students presented their current research during the poster session where they interacted in smaller groups with conference attendees as well as researchers both from Bell Labs and AT&T Labs. This volume includes papers by the invited speakers and poster presenters as well as papers on issues related to African-American involvement in the mathematical sciences.


Invited Speakers

Stella Ashford, Curtis Clark, Jonathan D. Farley, Arthur Grainger, Isom Herron, Lee Lorch, Carolyn Mahoney, Walter Miller, Richard Tapia, Nathaniel Whitaker, Floyd Williams, Scott Williams, and Leon Woodson.


I. Invited Research Talks

Stella Ashford

Chain Decomposition Theorems for Ordered Sets and Other Musings
Jonathan D. Farley

Arthur Grainger

Unimodality and the Independent Set Numbers of Matroids
Carolyn R Mahoney

On Achieving Channels in a Bipolar Game
Curtis Clark, Sr.

On Discrete Approximation of Invariant Measures for Multidimensional Maps
Walter Miller

Some Numerical Methods for the Maximum Entropy Problem
Nathaniel Whitaker

Hydrodynamic Stability, Differential Operators and Spectral Theory
Isom Herron

Richard Tapia

The Role of Selberg's Trace Formula in the Computation of Casimir Energy for Certain Clifford-Klein Space-Times
Floyd Williams

Dynamics on the Irrationals
Scott Williams

Leon Woodson


II. Poster Presentations

Finding Elliptic Curves Defined over Q of High Rank
Garikai Campbell

Symplectic Matrix Structure in Numerical Integration
Michael Keeve

A Numerical Algorithm for the Computation of Invariant Circles
Kossi Edoh

Classification of Nilpotent Orbits in Symmetric Spaces
Alfred G. Noel

Evaluating Texture Measures for Low-Level Features in Color Images of Human Skin
Kori E. Needham

Lattice Paths and RNA Secondary Structures
Asamoah Nkwanta

Nuprl as a Concurrent Interactive Theorem Prover
Roderick Moten

III. Historical Talks and Articles

Lee Lorch, Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow

Etta Z. Falconer The Challenge of Diversity

Patricia Clark Kenschaft What Next? A Meta-History of Black Mathematicians

Don Hill A Personal History of the Origins of the National Association of

Mathematicians' "Presentations by Recipients of Recent Ph.D.'s"

Nkechi Agwu and Asamoah Nkwanta J. Ernest Wilkins Jr.: The Man and His Works

Since opening 5/25/97, visitors to


Black Research Mathematicians

Profiles of all Black Mathematicians

Modern Historical Significance

African Mathematical Union

Outside North America

The Ancients in Africa





These web pages are brought to you by

The Mathematics Department of
The State University of New York at Buffalo

created and maintained by
Dr. Scott W. Williams
Professor of Mathematics