CAARMS, The Council for
African and Americans in the Mathematical Sciences
In the early 1990s, William Massey of Bell Laboratories (then AT&T, now Lucent Technologies) had an idea for an organization devoted mainly to addressing critical issues involving African-American researchers and graduate students in the mathematical sciences. It was envisioned that this organization would highlight current research by African-American researchers and graduate students in mathematics, strengthen the mathematical sciences by encouraging increased participation of African-Americans and members of other underrepresented groups, facilitate working relations among them, and provide assistance to them in cultivating their careers.
This organization became known as the Conference for African-American Researchers in the Mathematical Sciences (CAARMS).
It was Massey's industry, determination and energy, coupled with that of Raymond Johnson, James Turner and others, that led to the first meeting of the organization (CAARMS1) which was held at the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute in Berkeley, California, June 1995. CAARMS2 [organized by Massey and Nathaniel Dean] was held at DIMACS at Rutgers University in Piscataway, the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, and the Bell Laboratories and the AT&T Laboratories in Murray Hill, New Jersey, June 26-28, 1996; CAARMS3 was held at Morgan State University in Baltimore, Maryland, and the National Security Agency in Fort Meade, Maryland, June 1997; and the CAARMS4 at Rice University in Houston, Texas, June 1998. CAARMS5 at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, June 1999.
L-R: Scott Williams & Bill Massey
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