Chairman: Paulus Gerdes (Mozambique)
Secretary: Ahmed Djebbar (Algeria)
Cyprien Gnanvo (Benin)
Salimata Doumbia (Côte d'Ivoire)
Nefertiti Megahed (Egypt)
Mohamed Aballagh (Morocco)
Abdoulaye Kane (Senegal)
David Mosimege (South Africa)
Mohamed Souissi (Tunisia)
David Mtwetwa (Zimbabwe)
Associate Members: José Barrios (Canary Islands, Spain), Scott Williams (USA)
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. Objectives of AMUCHMA
2. Meetings, exhibitions, events
3. Current Research Interests
4. Notes and queries
6. Have you read? (#323-#348)
8. Addresses of scholars and institutions mentioned in this newsletter - 2nd web page
12. Do you want to receive the next AMUCHMA-Newsletter
Centro de Investigação Etnomatemática, Maputo (Mozambique), 21.12.2001
back to AMUCHMA ONLINE
2. MEETINGS, EXHIBITIONS, EVENTS
2.1 6th International Colloquium on the History of Arabic Mathematics (Algiers, Algeria, 22-24 November 2000)
This colloquium with its periodicity of 2 years had to take place in 1996. The difficult situation in Algeria for some years, however, did not permit to convince a sufficient number of foreign researchers to participate in it. The colloquium could nevertheless take place in 2000 and was organized by the 'École Normale Supérieure' of Algiers in association with the Algerian Association of the History of Mathematics. It was held at the National Library of Algiers. Seventeen researchers from various countries of Africa, Europe and the Middle East took part. During the colloquium, the decision was taken to organise the 7th Colloquium in Marrakech (Morocco) in May 2002 (see below). The following papers were presented:
2.2 The 2000 International Year of Mathematics in Côte d'Ivoire
Coordinated by AMUCHMA member Salimata Doumbia, the Mathematical Society of Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) organised several activities in the period March 29, 2000 to February 17, 2001. The programme started March 29, 2000 with a historical lecture by the president of the Mathematical Society of Côte d'Ivoire, Saliou Touré, entitled "Mathematical Life in Côte d'Ivoire from Independence until our days". Professor Touré, also former Minister of Higher Education and former Secretary-General of the African Mathematical Union, presented on February 13, 2001 the theme "The evolution of mathematics since its origins until our days."
Other public lectures in various cities of the country were presented on the themes "How to encourage young people to do mathematics?", "Mathematics and human sciences", and "Mental learning methods to have success in mathematics." On February 15, a round table took place with as theme "Evaluation and redynamisation of mathematics education and research in Côte d'Ivoire at the start of the third millennium." A competition "Miss Math 2000" and exhibition on pedagogical activities and mathematics books completed the celebrations.
2.3 Papers presented at recent meetings
3. CURRENT RESEARCH INTERESTS
* Muhammad Bello (Kano, Nigeria) concluded a paper on the "indigenous (i.e. pre-Islamic and pre-colonial) Hausa number system."
* Obusitswe Pitso (Gaberone, Botswana), who coordinated the new Botswana Secondary School Mathematics Curriculum, is doing research for his Ph. D. on mathematical ideas and practices of the Basarwa ('Bushmen') in the Kgalagadi desert. "My aim is to identify mathematics concepts, skills and methods of problem solving in the [Basarwa] day to day activities and find ways of how I can use that mathematics to empower them by integrating it into the national mathematics curriculum."
4. NOTES AND QUERIES
This section is reserved for questions that readers would like to have answered; these are the 'queries'. The answers will be the 'notes'. If you have questions or answers about sources, dates, names, titles, facts, or other such matters related to the history of mathematics in Africa, frame them in clear and concise language and send them to the editors. If you are answering a question, make clear reference to that question. All readers may send both questions and answers. Each will be published with the name of the sender.
Query from Muhammad Bello (Kano, Nigeria)
We received the following congratulations and query from Muhammad Y. Bello, deputy vice-chancellor (Academic) of Bayero University (Kano, Nigeria):
"I am a regular receiver and reader of the AMUCHMA Newsletter.
Please accept my congratulations for the excellent job you are
I would be very grateful if you carry the following query in the next issue of the newsletter:
Inconsistency in Arabic Writing?
It is very common knowledge that Arabic writing is from right to left, as against Western writing that is left to right. When it comes to writing numbers, however, Arabic writing seems to be inconsistent writing from left to write. Thus, two thousand, eight hundred and seventy-five would be written left to right just as in the Western way:
Is Arabic inconsistent when it comes to writing numbers, or is there an explanation for this?"
Query from Mohamed El Tom (Sudan)
"A colleague asked me about the origin of Arabic numerals.
India appears to be the origin of Arabic numerals: 1, 2, etc., and interestingly enough these are used only in the Arab Maghreb and I have no idea about the origin of the numerals used in the Arab Mashriq. Any idea?
A second less difficult question is why this difference between the numerals used between the two sets of Arab countries? Is it the Andalus connection on the one hand, and the Indian proximity, on the other?"
Hisham Barakat Bisher (al Arish, Egypt) concluded in June 2001 his masters thesis in ethnomathematics, written in Arabic, under the supervision of Professor Massouma Kazim, former member of AMUCHMA, at the Ain Shams University (Cairo, Egypt). His thesis analyses mathematical ideas in nomad Bedouin culture and possibilities to embed them into mathematics teaching.
6. Have you read? -
6.1 On the History of Mathematics in Africa
#323 Cuomo, Serafina: Pappos of Alexandria and the Mathematics of Late Antiquity, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (UK), 2000, 234 pp.
#324 Djebbar, Ahmed & Aballagh, Mohamed: Hayât
wa mu'allafât Ibn al-Bannâ al-Murrâkûshî
(1256-1321) [The life and work of Ibn al-Bannâ], Faculté
des Lettres et Sciences Humaines - Université Mohamed V,
Rabat (Morocco), 2001, 238 p.
The book constitutes a bio-bibliographical essay on the most important mathematician from the Maghreb of the 14th century. It is based essentially on the handwritten sources from the Maghreb, which the two authors have studied during this last decade. The book contains a detailed biography of the mathematician, reconstituted from testimonies both from historians and from mathematicians who commented on some of his works. It also contains the complete list of Ibn al-Bannâ's writings, reconstituted from information supplied by his commentators, as well as with references from the libraries containing these manuscripts.
#325 Djebbar, Ahmed: Une histoire de la science arabe
(A History of Arab Science, Ahmed Djebbar interviewed by Jean
Rosmorduc), Paris, Editions du Seuil, 2001, 384 p.
The contents of this book of popularization are presented in 8 chapters in the form of interviews. The first three treat the emergence and development of the Moslem Empire, the place of the science in the ArabMoslem societies of the 9th 15th centuries and the role of the ancient heritage in the development of these sciences. The five remaining chapters are dedicated to the presentation of the most important scientific disciplines that were practiced in this civilization: astronomy, mathematics, physics, earth and life sciences, chemistry.
#326 Gerdes, Paulus: Africa: South of the Sahara, in:
Arne Hessenbruch (Ed.), Reader's Guide to the History of Science,
Fitzroy Dearborn Publications, London, 2000, 13-14
Brief presentation of books on the history of science in Sub-Saharan Africa (Paper written in 1996).
#327 Gerdes, Paulus: On mathematical ideas in cultural traditions of Central and Southern Africa, in: Helaine Selin (Ed.), Mathematics across Cultures: A History of Non-Western Mathematics, Kluwer, Dordrecht, 2000.
#328 Gerdes, Paulus: Ethnomathematics as a new research field, illustrated by studies of mathematical ideas in African history, in: Juan José Saldaña (Ed.), Science and Cultural Diversity: Filling a Gap in the History of Science, Cuadernos de Quipu 5, Mexico City, 2001, 11-36.
#329 Sabra, A.I.: One Ibn al-Haytham or two? An Exercise
in Reading the Bio-Bibliographical Sources, Zeitschrift
für Geschichte der Arabisch-Islamitischen Wissenschaften,
1997, 11, 1-50.
Presents a criticism of R. Rashed's hypothesis that works attributed to Ibn al-Haytham are actually the result of the confusion of two different historical characters, one a mathematician and the other a physician.
#330 Vitrac, Bernard: Euclide, Les Eléments,
Volume 4, Livres XI-XIII, Presses Universitaires de France, Paris,
2001, 482 p.
It is the last volume of the project of new French translation of Euclid's elements, based on the Heiberg edition. The first volume was published in 1990 (cf. AMUCHMA # 94, 107, 141).
6.2 Publications on the History of Mathematics in Africa, Ethnomathematics and / or Mathematics Education
#331 Gerdes, Paulus: Ethnomathematics, in: Arne Hessenbruch
(Ed.), Reader's Guide to the History of Science, Fitzroy
Dearborn Publications, London, 2000, 227-229
Brief presentation of books on ethnomathematics, in particular related to Sub-Saharan Africa (Paper written in 1996).
#332 Gerdes, Paulus: On the 'African Renaissance' and Ethnomathe-matical Research, in: Inocente Mutimucuio (Ed.), Proceedings of the 9th Conference of the Southern African Association for Research in Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, SAARMSTE, Maputo, 2001, Vol. 1, 1-14
#333 Gerdes, Paulus: Intrecci culturali (Cultural interweavings),
in: P. Bellingeri, M. Dedò, S. di Sieno, C. Turrini (Eds.),
Il ritmo delle forme, Itenerario matematico (e non) nel mondo
della simmetria, Mimesis, Milano, 2001, 121-124
Describes some geometrical aspects of basket weaving in Mozambique.
#334 Gerdes, Paulus: Fantasie geometrico-simmetriche nell'artigianato
africano, in: Michele Emmer (Ed.), Matemática e
Cultura 2001, Springer, Milano, 2001, 3-10
Illustrates some geometrical-symmetrical aspects of African craft.
#335 Gerdes, Paulus: Exploring the Game of Julirde,
Teaching Children Mathematics, NCTM, Reston VA, 2001, Vol.
7, No. 6 (Focus issue: Mathematics and Culture), 321-327
Illustrates how a game from Cameroon may be explored in the teaching of geometry.
#336 Jama, Jama Musse: Shax: The preferred game of our camel
herders and other traditional African entertainments, Sunmoonlake,
Roma (Italy), 2000, 40 pp.
Presents an introduction to the 'shax' three-in-a-row game from Somalia and two other Somali borad games 'Layli Goobaley' and 'Korkabood'. It introduces also a computer program for 'shax' (cf. www.redsea-online.com/games/shax.html).
#337 Powell, Arthur B. & Oshon L. Temple: Seeding Ethnomathematics
with Oware: Sankofa, Teaching Children Mathematics,
NCTM, Reston VA, 2001, Vol. 7, No. 6 (Focus issue: Mathematics
and Culture), 369-375
Illustrates how a 'mancala' game (cf. #217, 218, 239, 243, 244) from the Akan in Ghana may be explored in the mathematics classroom.
#338 White, Dorothy Y: Kenta, Kilts, and Kimonos: Exploring
Cultures and mathematics through Fabrics, Teaching Children
Mathematics, NCTM, Reston VA, 2001, Vol. 7, No. 6 (Focus issue:
Mathematics and Culture), 354-361
Shows, among other examples, how 'kenta' cloth from West Africa may be explored in a geometry lesson.
6.3 Other publications on the History of Mathematics by African mathematicians
#339 Rashed, Rosdi and Vahabzadeh, B.: Al-Khayyam
Mathématicien. Blanchard, Paris, 1999, 429 pp.
Critical editions in French of al-Khayyam's works The Algebra, an untitled treatise written before the Algebra, and a commentary on the difficulties in the postulates of Euclid's Elements.
6.4 Publications on the History of Mathematics and the African Diaspora
#340 Donaldson, James & Fleming, Richard: Elbert F.
Cox: An Early Pioneer, American Mathematical Monthly, Washington,
2000, Vol. 107, 105-128
A biography of Elbert F. Cox, the first African-American to earn a Ph.D. in mathematics.
#341 Barrow, John D. (Cambridge, UK): Paulus Gerdes' 'Geometry
from Africa', PLUS Magazine, June 2001 [http://plus.maths.org/issue15/reviews/book2/]
#342 Crowe, Donald (Madison, USA): Paulus Gerdes' 'Geometry from Africa' and 'Le cercle et le carré', The Mathematical Intelligencer, 23(2) 2001, 65-68 (cf. #279, #308)
#343 Hogendijk, Jan (Utrecht, Netherlands): Rosdi Rashed and B. Vahabzadeh's 'Al-Khayyam Mathématicien', Mathematical Reviews, 2000I:01013 (cf. #337)
#344 Johnson, Julia (Sudbury, Canada): Paulus Gerdes' 'Geometry from Africa', Crux Mathematicorum, September 2000, 278-279 (cf. #279)
6.6 Mathematical books published in Africa
#345 Njock, G. Edward: Théorie de Galois et Applications
(Galois Theory and Applications), Presses Universitaires de
Yaoundé, Yaoundé (Cameroon), 1999, 142 pp.
Lecture notes of a course given to students of the 'Maitrise' programme at the Mathematics Department of the University of Yaoundé.
#346 Njock, G. Edward: Introduction à la Géométrie
Projective (Introduction to Projective Geometry), Presses
Universitaires de Yaoundé, Yaoundé (Cameroon), 1999,
Lecture notes of a course given at the University of Yaoundé, principally to students of the 'Licence' programme for future mathematics teachers.
#347 Yacoubi, Nouzha El (Ed.): Proceedings of the first
AMUPAMO Symposium held in Kairouan, Tunisia, from the 31st of
October to the 6th of November 2000 with as Theme: Pan African
Mathematics Olympiads, Training and Research, Presses Universitaires
de Yaoundé, Yaoundé (Cameroon), 2001, 214 pp.
AMUPAMO stands for African Mathematical Union Commission on Pan African Mathematics Olympiads. The proceedings include a report of the symposium and the papers presented in English or French at the plenary sessions:
Aderemi Kuku: Mathematical sciences and other sciences (107-124);
Jan Persens: Mathematics development Striving for a balance between pure and applied mathematics, even at school level (125-136);
Saliou Touré: Un exemple de coopération dans les pays francophones d'Afrique et de l'Océan Indien (137-142);
Claude Deschamps: Les Olympiades Internationales de Mathématiques (143-152);
Nouzha El Yacoubi: Olympiades Pan Africaines de Mathématiques de l'Union Mathématique Africaine (155-168);
Francisco Bellot Rosado: La compétition mathématique méditerranéenne (169-171);
Walter Mientka: The road to the International Mathematical Olympiad (173-177).
6.7 Mathematical books published by Africans outside Africa
#348 Alves, Manuel (Mozambique): Equações
Diferenciais Funcionais Singulares de Segunda Ordem (Second
order singular functional differential equations), Perm State
University Press, Perm (Russia), 2000, 179 pp.
7. Announcements -
7.1 CONFERENCES AND WORKSHOPS
* 7th International Colloquium on the History of Arabic Mathematics
The 7th International Colloquium on the History of Arabic Mathematics will take place in Marrakech, Morocco (30 May 2 June, 2002). A special session will be dedicated to the use of the research results presented at the earlier colloquia in mathematics education. The 7th Colloquium is organised by the Research Group in Didactics of Computer Science and Mathematics (GREDIM) of the 'École Normale Supérieure' of Marrakech.
For more information, see the website
Ezzaim Laabid or Abdellah El Idrissi, ENS, B.P 2400, CP 40 000 Marrakech, Morocco (Tel: +212 44 34 01 25, Fax: +212 (0) 44 34 22 87, E-mail: email@example.com)
* Second International Congress of Ethnomathematics
The Second International Congress of Ethnomathematics (II-ICEM)
will take place in Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais, Brazil (4-7 August
2002). For more information, contact:
For the programme, see the website
Abebe Kebede (USA) created a website on mathematics programmes
in Africa and opportunities for research and collaboration. The
site is located at:
To join the Africa-Mathematics-Forum discussion group, send a message to:
Africa Journal of Mathematics
Information about the new African Journal of Mathematics (AJM)
can be found at the following website:
It is expected that the first issue will appear in 2002. The editor Toka Diagana may be contacted at the following address:
Department of Mathematics, Howard University, Washington DC 20059, USA (E-mail: TokaDiag@aol.com, Africafirstname.lastname@example.org)
Ethiopic Numeral Names
Aberra Molla (Ethiopian Computers & Software, 9781 W. Fremont
Pl., Littleton, Colorado 80128, USA; email@example.com) organised
a web page on Ethiopic numerals:
Ethnomathematics and ethnomusicology
Marc Chemillier (GREYC, University of Caen, 14032 Caen, France;
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org) is interested in ethnomathematics
and ethnomusicology. The following web page is dedicated to polyrythms
in Central Africa:
Symbol, Form and Number in Ancient Egypt
Franz Gnaedinger (Switzerland) concluded the second volume of his "In the House of Seshat" (cf. #269), entitled "Symbol, Form and Number in Ancient Egypt". Anyone interested in the text may order a free copy by writing to the author (email@example.com). The text will also be published on the website: www.seshat.ch
7.3 PAMO 2002
The 12th Pan African Mathematics Olympiad (PAMO 2002) will
take place in Pretoria (South Africa) from April 6 to 14, 2002.
For more information, contact the chairperson of the African Mathematical
Union Commission on the Pan African Mathematics Olympiad (AMUPAMO),
Nouzha El Yacoubi (Morocco) or the local convener:
Sudan Hansraj, Convener, Local Organising Committee PAMO 2002, Department of Mathematics, University of Natal, Durban, South Africa (Fax: +27 31 305 7885, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
7.4 International Association for Science and Cultural Diversity
The constitutive meeting of the International Association for Science and Cultural Diversity (IASCUD) took place in Pachuca (Mexico) on November 29-30, 2000. During the XXI International Congress on the History of Science (Mexico City, 8-14 July, 2001), the General Assembly of the International Association for International Union of the History of and Philosophy of Science / Division of History of Science decided to formalise IASCUD as one of its specialized sections and Paulus Gerdes (Mozambique) was elected President of IASCUD. This election reflects, in part, the international prestige of AMUCHMA.
The aims of IASCUD are:
to promote the History of Science by establishing and extending the scholarly bases for the study of Science and Cultural Diversity;
to foster historical study of the relationship between the sciences, technology, medicine, and the cultures in which they arose throughout the world from ancient times to the present;
to encourage international cooperation and maintain close working relationships among specialists of different disciplines;
to facilitate research documentation in the History of Science and Cultural Diversity for scholars in all countries through exchange of information and by enlarging the material means necessary for this objective.
The board of IASCUD has the following composition:
President: Paulus Gerdes (Mozambique)
Secretary General: Luís Carlos Arboleda (Colombia)
Treasurer: Wesley Stevens (Canada)
First Vice-President: Karine Chemla (France)
Second Vice-President: Irfan Habib (India)
Assistant Secretary General: Martine Duquesne (France)
Assessor: Kam-Wing Fung (China)
Assessor: Sang-Yong Song (South Korea)
Readers interested in becoming members of IASCUD, may contact
the treasurer to obtain a membership form:
Wesley Stevens, Professor of History, The University of Winnipeg, Winnipeg, Canada (E-mail: stevens-w@C-H.UWINNIPEG.CA)
It may be noted that Luís Carlos Arboleda (Mathematics in the History of Latin America [email@example.com]), Karine Chemla (Mathematics in the History of China [firstname.lastname@example.org]) and Wesley Stevens (Mathematics in medieval Europe) are historians of mathematics, and Irfan Habib [email@example.com] dedicated various papers to the cultural-historical context of the work of Indian mathematicians.
7.5 Female Education in Mathematics and Science in Africa
The Female Education in Mathematics and Science in Africa (FEMSA)
project is an initiative of the Association for the Development
of Education in Africa (ADEA) and is hosted by the Forum for African
Women Educationalists (FAWE). The main goal of FEMSA is to improve
the participation and performance of girls in science, mathematics
and technology subjects in primary and secondary schools in Africa.
FEMSA completed a two-year pilot phase in 1997. Country profiles
of Cameroon, Ghana, Tanzania and Uganda were compiled. In the
second phase Burkina Faso, Kenya, Mali, Malawi, Mozambique, Senegal,
Swaziland, and Zambia were admitted to FEMSA. So far FEMSA has
published 16 dissemination booklets. Among these are for instance:
Parents' and Community Attitudes towards Girls' Participation in and Access to Education and Science, Mathematics and Technology Subjects (#6)
Teachers' Attitudes to the Study of Science, Mathematics and Technical Subjects by Girls in Secondary Schools (#7)
Status of Girls' Participation and Performance in Science, Mathematics and Technology Subjects in Secondary Schools.
To obtain copies of these publications or for more information, contact the FEMSA coordinator:
FAWE Secretariat, PO Box 53168, Nairobi (E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
8. Addresses of scholars and institutions mentioned in this newsletter
Aballagh, Mohamed: Département de Philosophie, Faculté
des Lettres et Sciences Humaines, B.P. 50, Université de
Fès, Dhar El-Mehrez, Fès, Morocco
Alves, Manuel: Department of Mathematics and Informatics, Eduardo Mondlane University, C.P. 257, Maputo, Mozambique (E-mail: email@example.com)
Assali, Sidi Amar: Département de Mathématiques, Département de Mathémaitiques, Université de Laghouat, Algeria
Barrow, John D.: Director Millennium Mathematics Project, Centre for Mathematical Sciences, Cambridge University, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge CB3 0WA (E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
Bello, Muhammad Yahuza: Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) and Department of Mathematical Sciences, Bayero University, PMB 3011, Kano, Nigeria (E-mail: email@example.com)
Bisher, Hisham Barakat: hie el salaymh-near of el salam Mosque, al Arish 45111, Egypt (Tel. 002068-350579, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
Bouzari, Abdelmalek: Département de Mathématiques, ENS de Kouba, 16050 Vieux Kouba, Alger, Algeria (E-mail: email@example.com)
Chemillier, Marc: GREYC, University of Caen, 14032 Caen, France (E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
Crowe, Donald: Mathematics Department, University of Wisconsin, 480 Lincoln Drive, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA (E-mail: email@example.com)
Donaldson, James: Mathematics Department, Howard University, Washington DC 20059, USA
Doumbia, Salimata: Institut de Recherche Mathématiques, 08 B.P. 2030, Abidjan 08, Côte d'Ivoire (Tel./Fax: 22 48 64 00)
El-Idrissi, Abdallah: Département de Mathématiques, E.N.S. de Marrakech, B.P. S 41, Marrakech, Morocco
El Tom, Mohamed: Program in Mathematics, Box 210, Teachers College, Columbia University, 525 W. 120th Street, New York, NY 10027, USA (E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
Gari, Lutfallah: P.O.Box 30344, Yanbu al-Sinaiyah, Saoudi Arabia
Gnaedinger, Franz: Hafnerstrasse 60, CH-8005 Zürich, Switzerland (E-mail: email@example.com)
Guergour, Youcef: Département de Mathématiques, ENS de Kouba, 16050 Vieux Kouba, Alger, Algeria (E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
Guillemot, Michel: 10 impasse de la Pelude, 31400 Toulouse, France (E-mail: email@example.com)
Hogendijk, Jan: Mathematisch Instituut, Rijksuniversiteit Utrecht, Postbus 80.100, 3508 TA Utrecht, Netherlands (E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
Hormigon, Mariano: SEHCYT, Facultad de Ciencias (Matemáticas), Ciudad Universitária, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain (E-mail: email@example.com)
Ismael, Abdulcarimo: Centro de Investigação Etnomatemática, C.P. 915, Maputo, Moçambique
Jama, Jama Musse: Via di Pratale 103 F, 56100 Pisa, Italy (E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com; Website: www.dm.unipi.it/~jama/ethno/shax.html)
Johnson, Julia: Department of Mathematics & Computer Science, Laurentian University, Sudbury, Ontario P3E 2C5, Canada (E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
Ould Jidoumou, Ahmedou (Mauritania): (E-mail: email@example.com)
Kebede, Abebe: Department of Physics, NC A&T State University, 1601 East Market Street, Greensboro, NC 27411, USA (E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
Laabid, Ezzaim (Morocco): (E-mail: email@example.com)
Kuku, Aderemi: ICTP, P.O.Box 586, Miramare, 34100 Trieste, Italy (E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
Molla, Aberra: Ethiopian Computers & Software, 9781 W. Fremont Pl., Littleton, Colorado 80128, USA (E-mail: email@example.com)
Njock, G. Edward: P.O.Box 623, Yaoundé, Cameroon (Tel/Fax: +237 31 24 25, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
Persens, Jan: President African Mathematical Union, c/o Director of International Relations, University of the Western Cape, Private Bag X17, Bellville, 7535 South Africa (Tel: +27-21-959-2884/3340; Fax: +27-21-9592655; E-mail: email@example.com)
Pitso, Obusitswe: Department of Maths and Science Education, Faculty of Education, University of Botswana, Private Bag 22, Gaborone, Botswana (E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
Powell, Arthur: Education and Academic Foundations Department, Rutgers University, 175 University Avenue, Newark, New Jersey 07102, USA (E-mail: email@example.com)
Rosdi Rashed: Centre d'Histoire de Sciences, 27 rue Damesme, 75013 Paris, France
Selin, Helaine: Science Librarian, Hampshire College, Amherst, Massachusetts 01002 (Fax: 413-559-5419; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
Sesiano, Jacques: 4 Avenue du Mail, 1205 Genève, Switzerland
Spiesser, Maryvonne (France): (E-mail: email@example.com)
Temple, Oshon L. (USA): Oshon Lake Temple, 21-51 35th Avenue, Long Island City, NY 11106 (E-mail: OshonTemple@dlsa.zzn.com)
Touré, Saliou: Institut de Recherche Mathématiques, 08 B.P. 2030, Abidjan 08, Côte d'Ivoire (Tel./Fax: 22 48 64 00)
Vitrac, Bernard: 82 rue du Poirier Baron, 95110, Sannois, France
White, Dorothy Y: Department of Mathematics Education, University of Georgia, 105 Aderhold Hall, Athens GA 30602, USA (E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
Yacoubi, Nouzha El: Department of Mathematics and Informatics, PO Box 1014, Rabat, Morocco (Fax: +212 37 77 30 44, E-mail: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org)
Zerrouki, Moktadir: Cité Hassein Mahiouz, Bt. B 11, no. 98, Ben Aknoun, Alger, Algeria
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